What is Ankle Sprain? Symptoms, Causes & Treatment (Ankle Sprain ICD 10)

Approximate 25,000 people in the United States face this injury daily. In India, there are more than 10 million cases of an ankle sprain.

The main function of the ankle is to keep the joint stable because stability is essential for its functioning. Our ankle bears 1.5 times of our body weight while walking and up to 8 times body weight while running.

During hard activities or workouts, the stable ankle is at the risk, especially in the case when it turns or twists far out of its normal range.

Ankle sprain definition

An ankle sprain is a common injury which is faced by many people. It can affect anyone irrespective of their age. An adult, a child, an athlete, and even a non-athlete face this problem.

The sprain in ankle occurs due to the sudden twisting or rolling, this activity forces the ankle joint out of its normal position. Simply when you force anything is forced beyond its normal range it affects you adversely.

Same is the case with ankle when you suddenly stop any physical activity the ankle twists inward. As a result of it, one or more ligaments around your ankle stretch or tear.

ankle sprain

The sprain occurs due to the tear of bands of the tissue holding the ankle bones together. A tissue/ligament stabilizes ankle joints preventing excessive movements. An ankle sprain is a common injury among the people of all the ages.

Ankle sprain symptoms

Ankle sprain symptoms

An ankle sprain can affect you at any age no matter you are an athlete or not. It can occur due to walking on an uneven surface, wearing high heels footwear or inappropriate footwear, etc.

It is important to consult your doctor in case you notice the following symptoms in your ankle.

 Swelling inside or outside the ankle

When the ankle is enlarged and looks swell as compared to another ankle it means your ankle is sprained. The swelling occurs due to the inflammation of fluid. The swelling may be internal or external on the outer skin and muscles. The main reason for swelling in your body is insect bites, illness, infection or injuries.


Along with the swelling, the patient notice black, blue or purplish skin over the affected area is called bruises. This indicates that ligament has been torn and blood is rushing to that area. This happens on the skin due to trauma. The patient may or may not feel pain in the case of bruising.

Skin discoloration

The skin becomes bluish due to the poor circulation or inadequate oxygen levels. This is also known as cyanosis can affect your parts of the body like fingers, toes, earlobes, lips, skin, nails, etc. Blue colorist skin is common in the newborns as their skin learns to adapt to the environment.

Muscle stiffness

Do you feel difficulty to move than usual routine, especially after taking rest? Yes, this is called muscle stiffness. You may feel muscle pain, discomfort, and cramping. Don’t worry by doing some regular exercises the stiffness can be cured easily.

Pain and tenderness

You might feel the pain by touching the affected area. Remember not to mix it with pain which is felt without touching the affected part.

The nerve system of our body is sensitive. That’s why you feel pain by pressing the affected area or moving the foot in the direction depending on which ligament is involved. It’s a highly unpleasant physical sensation which is caused due to an injury.

Do you feel an ankle sprain? Here are the reasons responsible for an ankle injury. Read them carefully and ask yourself whether it is occurring to you or not?

Ankle sprain pictures

Ankle sprain pictures

anke sprains
ankle sprain case
swollen ankle sprain
Ankle sprain causes

Ankle sprain causes

Are you an athlete?

This is a common injury among athletes. Being a sportsman, you need to do different activities like jumping, rolling, twisting, etc.

Running on bumpy surfaces

By walking on the non-flat areas increase the risk of an ankle sprain. Because a foot needs to turn in several positions so the risk of ankle sprain increases.

Suffered a sprain in the past

You might face an ankle sprain in the past there are great chances of happening of the position again. Or you might face a different type of ankle injury.

Poor strength or flexibility

If your body is lacking strength and flexibility it increases the risk of an ankle sprain. In this case when you participate in a sport you might face an ankle sprain.

Wearing inappropriate shoes

The use of shoes which don’t suit your feet makes your ankles more vulnerable to injury. Wear the shoes which are according to your comfort to avoid the risk of a sprain.

Ankle sprain prevention

Ankle sprain prevention

Of course! You can prevent sprain by adopting some tips in your daily routine. Let’s have a look at the points to avoid this injury.

  1. Do a warm up or a workout before you play a sport or an exercise.
  2. Avoid the activity like running, walking or even walking on an even surface.
  3. Use the footwear according to your comfort for any activity.
  4. Skip wearing the shoes with high-heels.
  5. Select the activities in which you are comfortable with you.
  6. Train your body for good muscle strength and flexibility.
  7. Do practice to maintain stability in your body by practicing the balancing exercises

How can you care ankle sprain by yourself?

It completely depends on the severity of the injury. Initially, the main goal is to reduce the pain, swelling and restoring the functionality of the ankle ligaments. You must take care of your ankle sprain first two to three days.

Take Rest

Skip the workouts or activities which involve hard work. Taking rest to avoid the pain.

Apply ice

Take an ice pack or ice, slush bath for a period of 15 to 20 minutes. Do this activity after 2-3 hours. Consult your doctor in case you have vascular disease or decreased sensation.

Compress your ankle

Take an elastic bandage and compress your ankle this will help you out. Keep in mind the wrapping must be done not too tightly. Remember the circulation must not hinder due to the bandage.


In order to reduce the swelling, you need to elevate the ankle above your heart especially at night. Gravity helps to reduce the swelling as well as draining excess fluid.

Ankle sprain treatment

Ankle sprain(ICD 10) treatment

The U.S. health care system is dependable on a set of codes for the decades. ICD-9 is one of them but from October 1 2015, it is replaced by ICD-10. The main purpose is to make it more detailed as compared to ICD-9. WHO has the power to own, develop and publish the different ICD Codes.

The national government and regulating bodies adopt this system. These codes are updated every year updates are changed every year but the major update comes after every three years.

The International Classification of Diseases and its codes are done to hold critical information about the different disease and their treatments. It’s a great huge health care change which impacts all of us!

Medical biller and Coders use some codes so that your health care issues get billed in the right manner. It helps to make sure that you will get the appropriate treatment for which you are dealing with.

What is new in the ICD-10 Codes?

  1. ICD-10 has a better understanding of their patient populations and conditions that afflict them.
  2. Upkeeps the overall efficiency of the healthcare industry.
  3. Offers disease classification and updated medical terminology.
  4. The accurate diagnosis of the disease with its code.
  5. Support reimbursement models that pay to doctors for more complex issues.
  6. Efficient payments by preventing errors.
  7. Provide better data to make a study of diseases and their patterns.

Different ICD 10 codes and its usage as a pain killer

Category G89 contains stands for acute and chronic pain due to trauma.  You cannot code any routine or an expected pain which occurs immediately after surgery. If you find a patient of an ankle sprain and don’t suspect the fracture then applies the ice and wait it will recover in two weeks.

You can start to build your ICD-10 code for it with S93.4 i.e. Sprain of an ankle. Keep in mind it is not a billable code. The final billable ICD-10 code to be used is S93.401A.

The codes used to indicate the diagnosis of reimbursement purpose in case of the sprain.

ICD 10 right ankle pain is M25.571

ICD 10 left ankle pain is M25.572

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