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Ankle Sprain Definition
An ankle sprain is an injury to the tough bands of ligaments which care surrounded and connected the bones of a leg to the foot. It occurs when a strong ligament which supports the ankle stretched beyond the limit and tear.
An ankle sprain is a common injury among the people of all the ages. When the foot suddenly twists or rolls, force the ankle joint out of its normal position.
Ankle Sprain Symptoms
If you notice the following symptoms in the ankle you may have sprained ankle.
An organ, skin or other parts of your body enlarge. This is due to the result of inflammation of fluid. Swelling can occur internally or affect your outer skin and muscles. The swelling happens due to insect bites, illness or injuries.
The black and blue marks on the body are called bruises. This appears on the skin due to trauma. The examples of trauma are a blow or cut to an area of the body. This injury causes tiny blood vessels called capillaries to burst. It appears with very or less pain, sometime you might notice it.
3. Skin discoloration
Due to the poor circulation or inadequate oxygen levels in your bloodstream can cause your skin bluish. This is also known as cyanosis can affect your fingers, toes, earlobes, lips, skin, and nails.
4. Muscle stiffness
When you feel tight and you will find difficult to move than usual. In this case, you may feel muscle pain, discomfort, and cramping. By doing regular exercises this stiffness can be cured.
This is a pain or discomfort when an affected area is touched. Don’t mix it with pain that a patient feels without touching.
This is a highly unpleasant physical sensation caused by an illness or injury.
Ankle Sprain Causes
1. Sports participation
An ankle sprain is a common injury, especially in sports that require jumping, rolling, twisting in the games like basketball, soccer, football etc.
2. Walking on uneven surfaces
Walking or running on the non-flat areas increase the risk of ankle sprain.
3. Earlier suffered a sprain
Once you sprained your ankle or any type of ankle injury you may likely to sprain the same area.
4. Poor strength
Lack of flexibility or poor strength increases the risk of a sprain while participating in sports.
5. Wearing high-heels
If you wear shoes that are not appropriate for an activity or high-heels make your ankles more vulnerable to injury.
Ankle Sprain Prevention
You can prevent sprain by keeping the following points in your mind:
- Warm up before playing a sport or an exercise.
- Be careful while walking, running or other activity on an uneven surface.
- Wear shoes of your fitting for your activity.
- Avoid wearing high-heels.
- Don’t participate in the activities in which you are not comfortable.
- Maintain good muscle strength as well as flexibility.
- Practice stability training and balanced exercises.
How can you care ankle sprain by yourself?
You can take care of your ankle sprain first two to three days by the following points:
- Take Rest
Avoid hard work and activities that cause pain.
- Apply ice
Use an ice pack or ice, slush bath for 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat this every 2-3 hours. In case you are a diabetic or decreased sensation, then consult your doctor.
- Compress your ankle
To stop swelling compresses your ankle using an elastic bandage until the swelling stops. Remember the circulation must not hinder due to the bandage.
Elevate your ankle above the level of your heart, especially at night. The swelling reduces by draining excess fluid.
Ankle Sprain(ICD 10) Treatment
The U.S. health care system relied on a set of codes for the decades, which is ICD-9. From October 1, 2015, it is replaced by ICD-10 that is more detailed as compared to ICD-9. WHO owns, develops and publishes ICD codes. The national government and other regulating bodies adopt its system. These updates are changed every year but the major update comes after every three years.
International Classification of Diseases and its codes that holds critical information about the different disease and its treatments. It is a huge health care change which impacts everyone! Medical biller and Coders use some codes so that your health care issues get billed in the right manner. And you will get the right treatment for which you are dealing with.
The ICD-10 reflected a five times increase in diagnosis codes approximately 69,000 codes. Transition to ICD-10 codes was required for the one who is covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA). It includes doctors, hospitals as well as insurance companies. All they need to rely on the codes for diagnosing patients and billing services.
In case a medical practitioner or an insurance payer did not switch to ICD-10 by the deadline, they can face difficulties in processing the claims. Remember, the transition does not affect or change the American Medical Association’s CPT codes as these are used for outpatient procedures.
What is new in the ICD-10 Codes?
- ICD-10 has a better understanding of their patient populations and conditions that afflict them.
- Boosts the overall efficiency of the healthcare industry.
- Offer disease classification and updated medical terminology.
- The accuracy of diagnosis codes.
- Support reimbursement models that pay to doctors for more complex issues.
- Efficient payments by preventing errors.
- Provide better data to make a study of diseases and their patterns.
Different ICD 10 codes and its usage as a pain killer
Category G89 contains for acute and chronic pain due to trauma. You should not code routine or expected pain immediately after surgery. If you find a patient of an ankle sprain and don’t suspect the fracture then applies the ice and wait it will recover in two weeks.
You can start to build your ICD-10 code for it with S93.4 i.e. Sprain of an ankle. Keep in mind it is not a billable code. You need to specify S93.401 as a codes Sprain of unspecified of the right ankle. The final billable ICD-10 code to be used is S93.401A.
Codes used to indicate the diagnosis of reimbursement purpose in case of a sprain are:
ICD 10 right ankle pain is M25.571
ICD 10 left ankle pain is M25.572