Menstrual periods are possibly the most frustrating thing that girls and women tend to experience. This once in a month phenomenon forces women to take leaves from work and abstain from social events.
Frequent mood swings are also associated with periods. Well, you get the picture that periods are an uncomfortable experience. Unfortunately for some women, the pain continues even after the periods. This is post-period cramps(secondary dysmenorrhea).
While the cramps are usually not a cause of concern, they shouldn’t be neglected. The extent of the pain varies from person to person and the pain is felt mainly in the lower abdomen, back, hips, and thighs. In this article, we will be looking into what causes this cramps and how to deal with cramps after periods. All causes listed below might also be responsible for cramping and lower back pain after a period.
In this article,
8 possible causes of cramps after period
This is the process in which eggs are released by the ovaries. Ovulation pain in the usual case affects only one part of the body-the lower back. It is believed that the pain is caused due to the rupturing of follicles while releasing eggs. If you are one with severe back pains, then this will only add to your misery.
Mild uterine cramps can also be a sign of pregnancy. The technical term is Ectopic pregnancy and it occurs when a fertilized egg attaches itself somewhere outside the uterus. Such cramps are mild and temporary.
They come with a dark brown spotting called implantation bleeding. Implantation bleeding occurs usually around the time the next period is due. However ectopic pregnancy has the following symptoms which differentiate it from normal pregnancy-abnormal uterine bleeding, shoulder pain, and pelvic pain.
If you have any of these symptoms it is imperative to get medical help. While Ectopic pregnancy can be treated, they always should be considered as an emergency.
3. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease(PID)
This is basically an infection caused by Bacteria that enter the female reproductive organs. The bacteria do not stay localized and can spread from the vagina to the uterus, ovaries, or even the fallopian tubes. PID can be treated with Antibiotics and temporary abstinence. The symptoms of PID are mild and hence are often neglected.
They include- general fatigue, pelvic pain, fever, troublesome urination, bowel discomfort, abnormal menstrual bleeding, heavy vaginal discharge. PIDS are caused by sexually transmitted infections and hence sexual partners need to be checked before intercourse. PID begins as persistent cramp-like pain in the abdomen and if left untreated it can absolutely fatal.
This is a condition in which tissues which usually line inside the uterus grow outside the uterus. Endometriosis commonly affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis.
The displaced tissue acts like normal tissue, but it has no way to exit the body. The condition can cause pain, especially during the period. The usual symptoms include Painful periods, Pain during sexual contact, difficulty during bowel movements or urination, Excessive Bleeding, fatigue.
Endometriosis is also diagnosed in women seeking treatment for infertility. Endometriosis is often confused with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. If you are diagnosed with the symptoms, immediately contact a medical team to mitigate the effects.
5. Uterine Fibroids
Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that appear in the uterus. Usually, they form during the childbearing years. Symptoms can vary depending on the size of the fibroid. There is no distinctive symptom associated with the condition.
However, Fibroids if present cause symptoms such as irregular bleeding, heavy menstruation, constipation, frequent urination. Uterine fibroids can also cause infertility. Often the treatment is via a combination of medication and surgery.
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6. Ovarian cysts
Cysts can grow almost anywhere in the body or even under the skin. Ovarian Cysts which form in the ovary can cause cramps and bleeding after the period has ended. Ovarian cysts if they get large, can be quite a nuisance.
They can make the abdomen and the pelvis feel bloated. The larger than normal cysts will cause pelvic pain in the abdomen. Bleeding during periods is also common. Ovarian Cysts are typically treated with medication but for the overgrown cysts, medication is required.
In Adenomyosis, the endometrial tissue grows in the muscle of the uterus, rather than the uterine lining. This results in the uterine walls getting thicker which leads to heavy menstrual bleeding and prolonged cramps. Usually, medication is the way to treat Adenomyosis but in some extreme cases, Hysterectomy may be required.
8. Uterus Incapacity
While the word incapacity might be a cause of concern for some it is nothing serious. What happens is a small amount of blood remains the uterus. Due to this, the womb contracts to remove the blood and hence causes cramps. As the blood is pushed out brown or black spotting might result. Thy symptoms normally go away in a few days.
Treatments For Cramping After Period
Cramps after periods are a result of a number of different causes which we have highlighted in the article. As such, there is not a single effective treatment which works against all the causes. There may be pelvic pain after the period ends. The severity of the cramps can be mitigated by following the methods given below:
- Increase water consumption
- Reducing stress and mental fatigue.
- Avoiding alcohol and tobacco consumption.
- Doing light workouts or exercises.
- Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Taking painkillers to reduce the pain.
As aforementioned, catching a very specific reason and its treatment is really difficult. But we’ve listed them all. After adopting the above treatments carefully, you may feel cramps after a period has ended.
In this article, we have provided you with all the information possible available on post-period cramps. If you still have any queries or doubts please do write to medicalhealthcareinfo.