Methotrexate is medicine to control a certain type of cancer, severe psoriasis or rheumatoid. It is given when the patient won’t respond to other treatments. This medicine works slowly by suppressing your immune system.
Taking Methotrexate reduces inflammation and death from heart diseases. The reduction in inflammation protects from joint damage. Obviously lesser the inflammation in joints means less joint pain and swelling. As a result of it, the patient will feel less fatigue in the morning.
The patients of rheumatoid arthritis are prescribed for this medicine. Methotrexate takes weeks to several months to give its full result. The main purpose of giving this medicine is to see its effect over a period of a few months.
Normally it takes 5-6 weeks to start working and the patient will feel the improvement over a period of a few months.
The longs terms use of Methotrexate has severe side effects on your lungs and lever. The course of this medicine must be the prescription of a doctor.
Methotrexate and Alcohol
Are you undergoing liver treatment? Yes! it is important to avoid alcohol for a minimum period of 7 days. Methotrexate is the medicine for your liver for up to 100 days after the treatment. So it is great to avoid the alcohol until you are discharged after the treatment.
Methotrexate is used to treat certain types of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis or to control severe psoriasis. Methotrexate comes under the category of drugs known as antimetabolites. It helps to slow down the growth of cancer cells and extinguishing the immune system.
Methotrexate is a strong medication, which is given on medical condition and response to treatment. The wrong medication may cause serious effects such as death. So while taking methotrexate you need to follow the instruction of your doctor.
You can take a small amount of alcohol, as Methotrexate and alcohol both affect your liver. It is vital to follow the guidelines of your state in which the adults should not drink more than 14 units per week. Take the advice of your rheumatologist he/she will suggest the stricter limits.
The University of Manchester in Great Britain, researchers found that Methotrexate users who consumed 14 alcoholic drinks in a week. Those who consumed 15 to 21 drinks 33% higher risk. The people who consumed more than 21 drinks are under the risk.
Side effects of Methotrexate
Methotrexate is a strong medicine used for treating rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory arthritis. This is one of the safest drug prescribed by a rheumatologist however, there is a misconception among the people that it is a highly toxic medicine.
This medicine helps you to prevent the joint pain, fatigue, swelling and redness. It also helps to prevent damage to your organs and joints.
Whereas Methotrexate cures your body of many diseases but it has side effects too. The patient may face problems like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, minor hair loss, mouth ulcer or skin rashes. It can affect the blood and liver as well. Starting this medicine one must need to have a blood test before starting this medicine at regular intervals.
1. Common side effects of methotrexate
Vomiting, stomach upset, hair loss, tiredness, chills, headache, soreness in lungs, fever etc. are the common side effects faced by the user. The patient may suffer temporary hair loss but the normal growth returns after the treatment.
2. Serious side effects
Apart from the common side effects, there are some serious side effects of taking this medicine. In case you are facing unusual bleeding, black stools, enlarged glands, unusual pain, discoloration etc. you immediately need to visit the doctor. Side effects of Methotrexate on different people follow:
- The liver patient and Methotrexate
If you have a liver problem this drug can make your liver worse. Your doctor prescribes this drug and decides partly dosage depending on your liver health. The dosage depends on your liver disease your doctor decide whether you should take methotrexate or not.
- People with kidney disease and Methotrexate
The patient of kidney disease might face problems. It makes your kidney function or even completely damage the same. The patient needs dialysis if still, your doctor prescribes this drug will decide your dosage partly based on your kidney health.
- People with low blood cell counts
If you have low blood cell counts Methotrexate makes your position worse. The low blood cells here stand for white blood cells, red blood cells/platelets.
- A pregnant woman
This drug has serious harm to pregnant women. You might face fertility problems and see complications if you are planning to conceive. So taking Methotrexate you need to use an effective method of birth control.
- Breastfeeding women
Methotrexate passes through breast milk affects and obviously affects your child. So, you need to stop breastfeeding until you are taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor for more queries.
- Makes you Sun-sensitive
The use of Methotrexate makes your skin sensitive. There are the great chances of sunburn so avoid the heat of the Sun while taking this medicine.
Methotrexate and alcohol- Is it safe to consume together?
This drug comes in four forms such as self-injectable solutions, oral tablet, oral solution, and inject-able IV solution. The injection can be taken from a health care provider or a caregiver can give you at home.
Methotrexate self-injection solution is used to treat psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and polyarticular idiopathic arthritis. This is a long-term treatment, it takes 3-12 weeks you will see the benefits.
Some antibiotics like trimethoprim and septrin must be avoided while taking Methotrexate. In case you need to take an antibiotic you need to stop Methotrexate until you are better off the antibiotic.
The absorption of the drug depends on the dosage higher the dosage the less Methotrexate is absorbed. Toxicity of it depends on how quickly the drug is eliminated from the body.
What’s doctors suggestion?
There is a significant amount of risk when you take methotrexate and your doctor fully inform you all of them. Here are some key points which you should follow while taking methotrexate and alcohol.
- Follow the appropriate quantity of the right dosage.
- Immediately call your doctor if you are facing dry or nonproductive cough.
- Maintain a good level of hydration while taking this drug.
- Facing dehydration, immediately discontinue this medicine until you recover from this situation.
- Stay away from the Sun by covering up and wear goggles while going outdoors.
- Avoid the places which are crowdie as there are a lot of people who are not well. Taking Methotrexate increases the risk of infection.
- Take care of your mouth well to prevent from mouth sores. Use a good quality mouthwash and a soft toothbrush.
- If you are female and starting Methotrexate you must take a pregnancy test. In case of men taking this drug must use condoms for at least three months after stopping Methotrexate.
- If you are taking care of a person taking Methotrexate to maintain a good level of hygiene. Like, wear gloves while cleaning up fluids or handling laundry.
Do not take alcohol and stick to the minimum intake while taking Methotrexate.
Methotrexate is considered for the treatment of psoriasis and cancers. Keep in mind what your doctor what he/she suggests. In case of negligence, you might face severe side effects. Read the instruction carefully while taking this drug. It takes several months to get the full benefit of this drug.
If you are consuming liquid form, carefully measure the special measuring spoon. You are advised not to use the household spoon as you might get the incorrect dosage. Taking an increased dosage will not improve your condition faster whereas the risk side may increase. Never ever take this drug lightly.