The term “Psychomotor” relates to the mind and the muscles. Therefore psychomotor retardation is a condition which damages the connection between the mind and the muscles. The way you talk, the way you walk, and other physical activities you perform will be affected by this condition.
The condition also affects our emotions and thoughts as well. The intensity and severity of the condition vary from person to person but the effects will be noticed by all. Psychomotor retardation is commonly seen in people with depression and in the depressed phase of bipolar disorder. Whilst there is not much information on the topic, many people still do not know how to deal with this condition.
In this article, we will be looking at all the information regarding psychomotor retardation including the causes, treatments and other relevant bits.
In this article,
Psychomotor Retardation Definition
Psychomotor retardation is a condition which involves slowing down of thought and reduction of physical movements in people. Activities which are usually performed with ease like showering, eating, driving seems inexplicably difficult.
Even nonphysical activities like solving a puzzle, making a decision seem quite challenging. Psychomotor retardation is a quite different condition to psychomotor agitation.
Psychomotor Agitation is a condition in which movements are in excess. People diagnosed with the condition cannot stay still nor remain calm. They use non-stop movements to clear out the tension which builds in them. The movements serve no purpose and some common examples include climbing up and down the stairs, talking quickly, moving to and fro in the room.
The condition is often caused by anxiety. It is most commonly found in people with Bipolar Disorder. However, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder also can result in Psychomotor agitation. The dangerous aspect of Psychomotor agitation is that people might inflict self-harm.
Psychomotor Retardation Symptoms
The common symptoms of psychomotor retardation include:
- Feeling of stiffness in the body.
- Getting annoyed by small things.
- Constant biting of the nails.
- Sudden outbursts of anger.
- Constant talking and disrupted mind.
- Being unable to relieve tension.
- Removing clothes and putting them back on.
Thus, if you feel any of them is happening around you, you should have an appointment as earlier as possible. Similarly, partial blindness should be treated earliest to avoid sight loss.
Any skill which simultaneously utilizes both movement and thinking is called psychomotor skill. Body balance and coordination are some examples of psychomotor skills. Depression is known to negatively affect psychomotor skills.
The effect is more pronounced as the age of the person increases. It is not known how exactly are the psychomotor skills affected by depression. However, doctors believe that it is due to some changes in the brain during the depression.
To keep away the negative effects of depression one has to treat the depression itself. The use of antidepressants and regular practice of the affected skills is a good idea.
Psychomotor Retardation Causes
- Parkinson’s Disease – This is a long-term breakdown of the central nervous system which affects mainly motor activity. The obvious symptoms including slow movement, feeling of rigidity, shaking of the body, and walking difficulty. The disease can also influence the thinking and behavioral pattern. People with PD might also find sleep hard to come by.
- Depression – Psychomotor Retardation is commonly seen in people suffering from major depression or a bipolar disorder. The severity of the depression disorder determines the extent of the condition. Some simple ways to tackle depression include eating healthy, getting lots of sleep, getting in a routine, and having fun. Antidepressants and medicines should only be taken after consultation with the doctor.
- Schizophrenia – Schizophrenia is a mental disorder which commonly affects person between the age of 16 and 30. In quite a lot of cases, the disease develops very slowly such that individuals find it hard to swallow that they are affected. However, in some cases, it develops quite quickly. The individuals in many cases refuse treatment arguing there is nothing wrong with them. Symptoms include delusions and hallucinations, difficulty in concentration, lack of facial expressions, thought disorder and loss of motivation.
- Dementia -Dementia is not a certain disease or condition, but it describes symptoms which includes memory loss, thinking, and inability to perform routine activities. Visual perception is also another symptom of Dementia. It is caused when the brain is harmed by diseases such as the Alzheimers. The symptoms of Dementia gradually worsen over time. Many cases of Dementia are not curable, however, therapies do help to mitigate the effects.
Psychomotor Retardation Treatment
Psychomotor Retardation has to be treated specifically depending on the cause. For Parkinson’s Disease medicines which increase dopamine levels are a good idea. Depression and mental health problems can be cured by using Antidepressants or Antipsychotics.
Make sure that all the decisions are planned in agreement with your doctor. Rehabilitation is also another way of treatment. Speech therapies and physical therapies can increase our psychomotor skills. Staying in a positive environment with supportive people also goes a long way in the recovery process.
Psychomotor Retardation is a troublesome condition and we hope that you wouldn’t have the bad luck to experience it. In the article, we have provided all the necessary information regarding the condition to have better care of your health. If you have any more doubts or queries, do write to us.